Despite the different types of cars and races which exist all over the world, there are several elements and components consistent across all race cars.
This is one crucial component to a car which can race, drive and obtain the impressive speeds required to win auto races. This means equally distributed weight and a sleek design that permits air to travel around the car evenly and efficiently. These cars are tested heavily in different circumstances.
Racecars drive at such fast speed, over different terrains at the same time, that the suspension on a regular car would not withstand the pressure. The suspension is key in keeping the car stable, the driver safe and ensuring it handles effectively. The control that this suspension provides is key to a fair and safe race.
Unlike the tires on your car at home which you use to commute to work every day, tires on race cars need to be prepared and designed to withstand high heat, as the speed of the car heats tires to abnormal temperatures. Further, these tires are designed without deep grooves and expand and contract depending on the temperature and thereby provide maximum traction.
Depending on the class and series which the car is part of, the engines of race cars differ greatly from those at a dealership and out of the box. The key considerations with any race car are the air intake, horsepower and various sensors that help the driver know exactly what is happening with the car at all times.
Naturally, given the fact that race cars travel at faster spends, take sharper turns and drive in harsher conditions than off the lot cars, stronger and more durable brakes are required. These brakes also have to be monitored and changed or serviced more frequently.